## Orifice Plate Sizing Calculator

1.Instructions In red you will find an already calculated orifice plate, feel free to substitute this numbers with your own ones. Use a dot to represent a decimal point e.g. 4353.56

Very good website connected with the origins of the flowmetering! The purpose of this website is to provide information and knowledge about those people who have made substantial contributions to the field of flow measurement. www.legendsofflow.com Originally posted 2014-06-26 16:14:54.

## Icarus ORM Academy (2015) What is SIL? A Crash Course

As a follow-up to the HAZOP and LOPA training, this video is a crash course on Safety Integrity Level study (SIL). This is the approach used in the IEC 61508 and IEC 61511 standards. ‘What is SIL?’ is an introductory

## BEAMEX (2018) Calibration Essentials

The proper calibration of instruments is always one of the most essential, yet historically one of the most overlooked processes in today’s plants and factories. Even today, with rapidly evolving technology and tools to enhance production and efficiency, the need

## Links to North American Standards Websites

Here you have a list of the Main North American Standards Websites. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers www.ieee.org Instrumentation, Systems, and Automation Society www.isa.org National Institute of Standards and Technology www.nist.gov American National Standards Institute www.ansi.org National Electrical Manufactures

## Acromag (2011) Criteria for Temperature Sensor Selections of TC and RTD sensor types

Temperature reigns as the most often measured process parameter in industry. While temperature measurement utilizes sensors of many forms, the actual measurement of temperature is accomplished via only five basic sensor types: Thermocouple (T/C), Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD), Thermistor, Infrared Detector, and

## MODICON, Inc. (1996) Modicon Modbus Protocol Reference Guide

Modicon programmable controllers can communicate with each other and with other devices over a variety of networks. Supported networks include the Modicon Modbus and Modbus Plus industrial networks, and standard networks such as MAP and Ethernet. Networks are accessed by

## ROLLINS,R. (2014) Rules of thumb in Gas Measurement

A colleague approached me and asked what I used as a rule of thumb for the percent of error in gas measurement per degree off calibration. I used the same .1% per degree he did. Upon checking this out later,

## SCHNEIDER (2017) Automated validation and testing of application logic in safety logic solvers

SIS systems all require software logic testing and periodic re-validation. Manual testing can be laborious, time consuming and error prone and may not always be effective in finding  certain classes of defect. Automated testing and revalidation offers a possibility to

## KEITHLEY (2007) How to Select the Right Temperature Sensor

The most widely measured physical parameter is temperature. Whether in process industry applications or in laboratory settings, accurate temperature measurements are a critical part of success. Accurate temperature measurements are needed in medical applications, materials research in labs, electrical/electronic component

## MASONEILAN (2004) Control Valve Sizing Handbook

Masoneilan Control Valves Do you want to learn more about control valve sizing? This Masoneilan handbook on control valve sizing is based on the use of nomenclature and sizing equations from ANSI/ISA Standard S75.01.01 and IEC Standard 60534-2-1. Additional explanations

## MAVERICK Technologies (2008) How to ensure safety process plants

No one can argue against the importance of safety in process plants. These complex and often volatile environments house a variety of potential dangers — putting both people and physical assets at risk. But even though companies uphold safety as

## MTL Instruments Group (2002) An Introduction to Functional Safety and IEC61508

Instrumented safety systems are not new. It has long been the practice to fit protective systems to industrial process plant where there is a potential threat to life or the environment should something go wrong. These systems are independent of

## OMEGA (2005) Calibration Primer

The most sophisticated industrial equipment will not be very useful unless it is calibrated. Through calibration, adjustments made to a piece of equipment ensure that it performs as expected—that it can be relied on to deliver predictable, accurate results that

## ABB (2013) Safety Requirements Specification

Dedicated functional safety resources can be difficult to source within operating companies in today’s lean manufacturing operations. In many cases dedicated functional safety (FS) specialists just do not exist and the halcyon days of 25 years ago when teams of

What Is to be understood by “Proof Test”? In a safety-relevant application the safety-relevant electrical control system (SRECS) must be in a state that guarantees the specified safety integrated level from the point of view of risks. The proof test

## SIS-TECH (2005) Can You Safely Grandfather Your SIS?

SIS-TECH (2005) Can You Safely Grandfather Your SIS

## Rockwell Automation (2016) Is your existing Safety Instrumented System up to current standards?

Process safety is a major concern to anyone who works in a process facility. An estimated 25,000 facilities covered by the Occupational Safety and Health  Administration (OSHA) Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals regulation will most likely have safety

## ARC Insight (2005) Is Your Safety Instrumented System Up-to-Date?

Interest in performing rigorous hazard and risk analysis and applying certified safety instrumented systems has increased considerably since publication of the IEC 61508 safety standard and, more recently, the IEC 61511 and ANSI/ISA-84.00.01 (for brevity ISA-84.01-2004) standards for process safety.

## ABB (2012) Is your current safety system compliant to today’s safety standard?

It is estimated that about 66% of the Programmable Electronic Systems (PES) running in the process industry were installed before the publication of today’s commonly used safety standards (IEC 61508 and IEC 61511/ISA 84) Some of those safety systems,

## WESTERMO (2004) Industrial Data Communication Westermo Handbook Theoretical and General Applications

WESTERMO-2004-Industrial-Data-Communication-Westermo-Handbook-Theoretical-and-General-Applications.pdf

## HONEYWELL (2013) Understanding Safety Instrumented Systems

HONEYWELL-2013-Understanding-Safety-Instrumented-Systems.pdf

Tags: SIL, SIS

## YOKOGAWA (2016) Pressure Handbook

As industries strive to improve control of processes, the quality of the measurement of that process is often overlooked. Good quality measurement is the first requirement of any control scheme, new or old. No matter how good your DCS, PLC,

## OMEGA (2002) Transactions Vol 1 – Non-Contact Temperature Measurement

Since its founding in 1962, OMEGA has grown from a manufacturer of a single product..a fine gauge thermocouple..into being an established global leader in the scientific and technical marketplace, offering more than 68,000 state-of-the-art instrumentation and control devices. And although

## 18 Essential Papers That Any Instrumentation Engineer Should Read

Here is a list of essential paper/primers that any instrumentation engineer should read, please follow the links above to get the pdf file : Flow Pressure Temperature Compensation Formula Theory of DP Flow Fluids Basics and Concepts DP Flow Introduction

## IRCON (2013) INFRARED TEMPERATURE SENSORS OPERATION AND SELECTION

There are many ways to measure temperature in a process. Sensors, such as thermocouples, RTDs and infrared thermometers are the most common temperature sensors utilized today. A noncontact infrared thermometer has the advantage of being able to measure the product

## Contemporary Controls (2005) The ABC of Selecting the Proper Industrial Ethernet Switch

Contemporary Controls (2005) The ABC of Selecting the Proper Industrial Ethernet Switch

## IRCON (1998) Selection of IRCON temperature controllers

IRCON (1998) Selection of IRCON temperature controllers

## CorDEX Instruments (2010) Intrinsically Safe or Explosionproof

SUMMARY The phrase “Intrinsically Safe” is often used generically to describe products destined for hazardous (explosive) areas. This paper explores the term “Intrinsically Safe”, provides an overview of what is required to certify a product and compares Intrinsic Safety against

## Sierra Monitor Corporation (2006) How to Select a Flame Detector

Selecting a Flame Detector Planning and installing flame detectors requires consideration of the nature of the fire, the protected area, environmental conditions, detector capabilities and limitations and user expectations. For instance, is it more important to select a detector that

## SETRA SYSTEMS (2015) How to Select an Intrinsically Safe Pressure Transducer

Engineers selecting pressure transducers in hazardous industries must make one more significant consideration beyond performance, reliability and stability, they must specify units with intrinsically safe (IS) circuits. The National Electrical Code (NEC) defines an IS circuit as, “A circuit in

## MTL Instruments Group (2002) An Introduction to Functional Safety and IEC61508

Instrumented safety systems are not new. It has long been the practice to fit protective systems to industrial process plant where there is a potential threat to life or the environment should something go wrong. These systems are independent of

## HIMA (2005) Sharing Control and Safety Instruments

Since its release as an Australian standard in July of 2004, AS61511 is rapidly being accepted and applied on Safety Instrumented Systems throughout the process industry. Principles such as independence between control and protective instruments have existed for many years,

## PEPPERL and FUCHS (1993) Explosion protection of electrical equipment

PEPPERL and FUCHS (1993) Explosion protection of electrical equipment

## PYROMATION (1996) How To Select And Use The Right Temperature Sensor

Having been involved in the design, manufacture and application of temperature sensors for twenty years, I have done a number of training seminars on temperature sensors. After presenting long winded explanations as to how RTD’s (Resistance Temperature Detectors) and thermocouples

## HIMA (2006) SIL Assessments Identification of Safety Instrumented Functions

Since its release as an Australian standard in July of 2004, AS61511 is rapidly being accepted and applied on Safety Instrumented Systems throughout the process industry. AS61511 is a performance based standard with a risk-based approach to safety. Performance based

## Sierra Monitor Corporation (2006) How to Select a Flame Detector

Planning and installing flame detectors requires consideration of the nature of the fire, the protected area, environmental conditions, detector capabilities and limitations and user expectations. For instance, is it more important to select a detector that alarms a few seconds

## Industrial Text and Video Co (2016) Glossary of Terms used in Programmable Controller-based Systems

Industrial Text and Video Co (2016) Glossary of Terms used in Programmable Controller-based Systems

## EMERSON (2005) Basic Fundamentals Of Safety Intrumented Systems

The operation of many industrial processes, especially those in the chemical or oil & gas industries, involve inherent risk due to the presence of dangerous chemicals or gases. Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) are specifically designed to protect personnel, equipment, and

## National Instruments (2013) Temperature Sensor Measurement Fundamentals Series

What instrument is used to measure temperature? National Instruments (2013) Sensor Measurement Fundamentals Series

## What is SIL (safety integrity level)?

This post has some basic and primary docs about Safety Integrity Level definition. PEPPERL and FUCHS (2007) Manual Safety Integrity Level ITT-Corporation-2013-Understanding-Safety-Integrity-Level-SIL-and-ItE28099s-Effects PR-Electronics-2015-SIL-for-starters.pdf

## AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES (2008) Hints for Selecting the Correct Temperature Sensor for Your Application

If you want to make reliable temperature measurements, you need to carefully select the right temperature sensor for your application. Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of temperature sensors will help you take the proper precautions when you set up a

## SCOTT SAFETY (2011) Gas Detection Reference Guide

As an industry leader in gas detection products, Scott Safety is committed to the life safety of workers in potentially dangerous industries such as petrochemical, pharmaceutical, wastewater treatment, and chemical processing. The ability to detect and analyze unseen threats through

## TUVNEL (2010) Selecting a Flow Meter

Introduction With a very large number of different flow meters based on over a hundred different operating principles, selecting a flow meter for a specific task can be a daunting prospect for even the most experienced metering engineer. With so

## Conax Technologies (2010) Ten Tips To Ensure Accurate Temperature Sensor Measurement

From choosing the right temperature sensor for your particular process application to the periodic recalibration of that temperature sensor, these tips can help you ensure temperature measurement accuracy and get the most out of your process. BY GARY BARNHARD

## ABB (2003) The ABB Guide to Safety Critical Systems and International Standard IEC 61508

A very good summary about Safety Critical Systems for the instrumentation technician. ABB provides a total life cycle safety capability aligned to the IEC 61508 Safety Lifecycle. We are the best-placed leading international company to be able to advise you

## RONAN ENGINEERING (1995) Art of Intrinsic Safety

RONAN ENGINEERING (1995) Art of Intrinsic Safety

## ROCKWELL AUTOMATION (1997) Industrial Automation Glossary

ROCKWELL AUTOMATION (1997) Industrial Automation Glossary

## VALTEK (1995) Control Valve Sizing and Selection Manual

Valtek Valves The Valtek Valves Sizing & Selection Manual is a comprehensive, easy-to-follow reference guide for determining the proper control valve for a particular application. The material follows the sequential order of the typical Valtek Valves quote sheet. This introduction discusses

## Control Instruments Corporation (2016) Gas Detection – Codes & Standards

Several organizations have published codes, standards, and recommended practices relating to gas detection and alarm systems, however, new standards are also being developed. These standards all relate to components of gas detection and alarm systems, such as sensors and monitors.

## SETRA SYSTEMS (2015) Explosion Proof and Intrinsically Safe

Explosion Proof & Intrinsically Safe This application note defines some of the terms associated with use of transducers and electrical equipment in areas which are defined as hazardous by national rating agencies. It also outlines Setra products which have Factory

## SETRA SYSTEMS (2015) How to Select the best Pressure transducer for industrial applications

How to Select the best Pressure transducer for industrial applications Today’s technologically advanced pressure transducers are more accurate, reliable and rugged than ever before. They are ideal for long-term use even in harsh environments of extreme temperature, humidity, and vibration.

## Top 10 Masoneilan Control Valve Sizing Handbook Docs for the instrumentation technician

Masoneilan Control Valve Sizing Handbook This post covers all docs connected with this issue, you will find several handbooks and guides from Masoneilan related with the Valve Sizing theme. This documentation is perfect for the instrumentation technician who takes care

## EMERSON (2016) Improve Operations Performance

EMERSON (2016) Improve Operations Performance

## METTLER TOLEDO (2015) Good Operating Procedures for pH Sensors.pdf

pH is the most common liquid process analytical parameter. Its measurement and control are important across the process industries including pharmaceuticals and chemicals production. Typically, pH is measured using glass pH sensors, an instrument that has been available for almost

## Schneider Automation (2010) Network Design Basics

The increased use of Ethernet in industrial applications requires control engineers to understand the principles of Ethernet Network design. This paper will discuss some basic principles that a control engineer needs to consider in the planning/design phase of an Industrial

## Matrikon (2009) OPC: The Ins and Outs to What It’s About The Every Man’s Guide to OPC

The Every Man’s Guide to OPC is an easy-to-read overview of the most popular industrial open connectivity standard – OPC. This paper first introduces the main idea behind OPC, shows why OPC is different from conventional (often proprietary) communication protocols,

## Moore Industries (2009) Safety Instrumented Systems The Logic of Single Loop Logic Solvers

Much of this growth has been driven by increased awareness of destruction of property, injuries and loss of life associated with tragic events that are widely publicized in the worldwide media. Companies, of course, have a moral and legal obligation

## Bosch Rexroth Corporation (2009) Understanding the IEC61131-3 Programming Languages

It was about 120 years ago when Mark Twain used the phrase “more than one way to skin a cat.” In the world of PLC programming, that cliché is still applicable today. Thanks to the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), five

## B&R Industrial Automation Corp (2009) Industrial Fieldbus Technologies Understanding the basics and simplifying your decision

Making a decision on which fieldbus technology to implement on industrial automation applications is getting more complicated. During early stages of the design, engineers must choose “Which fieldbus is the right choice for this application”. Properly answering this question ensures

## OPC Training Institute (2008) OPC UA An End-Users Perspective

OPC UA (Unified Architecture) represents the OPC Foundation’s most recent set of specifications for Process Control and Automation system interconnectivity. This paper explains OPC UA from the perspective of the organization that will benefit from the connectivity, in other words:

## Matrikon (2007) Creating Secure OPC Architectures

OPC represents an easy to use, ubiquitous, reliable method of communication. As a result of it being based on DCOM; it is well known by security professionals, but unfortunately is also known by virus writers and hackers. Layers of security

## OPC Training Institute (2007) OPC and DCOM 5 things you need to know

OPC technology relies on Microsoft’s COM and DCOM to exchange data between automation hardware and software; however it can be frustrating for new users to configure DCOM properly. If you have ever been unable to establish an OPC connection or

## OPC Training Institute (2008) OPC & DCOM Troubleshooting: Quick Start Guide

OPC technology provides an interoperable, reliable and secure communication platform. However, OPC relies on a well-configured DCOM infrastructure. This includes setting Windows security and firewalls, access control lists, server identities, etc. Consequently, OPC may not always work as expected and

## Flow Line Options (2011) Ultrasonic Transmitters vs. Guided Wave Radar for Level Measurement

With over 20 different level measurement technologies on the market today, it is important to choose the right level transmitter for your process conditions. This document provides information on two of the most commonly used level measurement technologies – Ultrasonic

## SICK (2012) 8 Most Common Level Sensing Methods

Level sensors have been a part of manufacturing processes for several decades, in industries as diverse as food and beverage, semiconductors, and pharmaceutical. However, equipment manufacturers and users may be surprised at both the breadth and sophistication of level sensing

## BEAMEX (2004) The Benefits of Using a Documenting Calibrator

For process manufacturers, regular calibration of instruments throughout a manufacturing plant is common practice. In plant areas where instrument accuracy is critical to ensure product quality, safety or custody transfer, calibration every six months – or even more frequently –

## PEPPERL and FUCHS (2012) PREVENTING DUST EXPLOSIONS FOR HAZARDOUS, CLASS II APPLICATIONS

On February 7, 2008, an explosion occurred at the Imperial Sugar Company refinery in Portwentworth, Georgia. The explosion and resulting fire left 13 people dead, 42 people injured, and the plant destroyed. Sugar dust is being cited as the cause

## TURCK (2013) DEFINING PRESSURE WHAT IS PRESSURE AND WHY IS IT CRITICAL TO PROCESS?

In its most basic form, pressure is defined as the amount of force being applied to an area. As this force is distributed over a specific area, a change in movement of the defined area is occurring. It is important

## ITT Corporation (2013) Understanding Safety Integrity Level (SIL) and It’s Effects

The Industrial process industry is experiencing a dynamic growth in Functional Process Safety applications. This growth has been driven by increased awareness of destruction of property, injuries and loss of life associated with tragic events that are widely publicized in

## TURCK (2013) Types of Pressure When and Why Are They Used?

Without measurement there is no control. As with any type of measurement, results need to be expressed in a defined and clear way to allow everyone to interpret and apply those results correctly. Accurate measurements and good measurement practices are

## ENDRESS HAUSER (2013) Proof Testing Level Instruments

Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) are designed to prevent or mitigate hazardous events to ensure human safety, prevent damage to facilities, and protect the environment. It is important to understand the associated cost with Safety Instrumented Systems and the requirements for

## FLUKE (2012) The costs of poor power quality

Productivity is the key to survival in today’s globally competitive environment. When you think about the basic inputs to production—time, labor, and materials—you can see there isn’t much room for optimization. You have 24 hours per day, labor is costly,

## EXTRONICS (2008) ATEX Certification Definitions

The information in this wall chart is for guidance only. For detailed information see relevant Directives and Regulations EXTRONICS-2008-ATEX-Certification-Definitions.pdf

## RAE (2013) Gas Detection Tubes and Sampling Handbook

​This handbook describes the use and performance of gas detection tubes and sampling pumps manufactured by RAE Systems Inc. RAE Systems began manufacturing gas detection tubes in 1997 and is adding many new tubes to its product line each year.

## ASPENTECH (2013) Data Historians vs. ERP Systems

It’s easy to be confused as to what roles an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system and a Data Historian play in a manufacturing environment. There are key features, functions, and benefits associated with each, and together they not only complement

## ZELLWEGER ANALYTICS (2002) GAS DETECTION Basics

ZELLWEGER-ANALYTICS-2002-GAS-DETECTION-Basics.pdf

## SAMSON (2003) Cavitation in Control Valves

Cavitation has been a familiar phenomenon for a long time particularly in shipping. In 1917, the British physicist Lord Rayleigh was asked to investi- gate what caused fast-rotating ship propellers to erode so quickly. He discov- ered that the effect

## MASONEILAN (2005) Noise Control Manual

This noise manual contains informative material regarding noise in general and control valve noise in particular. Noise prediction methods used by Masoneilan for aerodynamic noise and hydrodynamic noise are based on the latest publications of the Instrument Society of America

## PARCOL (1996) NOISE MANUAL

The aerodynamic noise is the most important component of the acoustic problem of a control valve, since it is generated by the pressure waves produced by the fluid turbulence or by other fluodynamic phenomena connected with supersonic waves (“impact cells”).

## HEADLEY, MICHAEL (2003) Guidelines for Selecting the Proper Valve Characteristic

“The tank is overflowing!” Not a nice thought, but that could be a result of a system out of control due to a poor choice of the valve characteristic. Selecting the proper valve characteristic is the easiest way to ensure

## WARREN CONTOLS (2005) Valve Sizing Reference

A Control Valve performs a special task, controlling the flow of fluids so a process variable such as fluid pressure, fluid level or temperature can be controlled. In addition to controlling the flow, a control valve may be used to

## SAMSON (2005) Valve sizing sample problems

These application notes provide a simplified procedure for sizing control valves at standard service conditions. The data required to size a valve, such as the nominal size, nominal pressures and KVS, is contained in the SAMSON data sheets for self-operated

## PARCOL (2001) HANDBOOK FOR CONTROL VALVE SIZING

PARCOL-2001-HANDBOOK-FOR-CONTROL-VALVE-SIZING.pdf

## MASONEILAN (2004) Valve Noise Prediction vs. Velocity Head Limitations In Gas Applications

​In recent years, the control valve industry has seen an important debate about the validity of limiting the valve trim exit velocity head to a maximum of 480 kPa in gas and steam applications. This velocity limitation is assumed to

## MASONEILAN (2002) Fluid Velocity Considerations

In the selection and specification of control valves, many process variables must be carefully considered. The composition and thermodynamic properties of the fluid being throttled is of paramount importance. Gases must be sized differently than liquids, and of course multi-phase

## MASONEILAN (2000) Why most control valves today are throttling around 60 percent opening

MASONEILAN-2000-Why-most-control-valves-today-are-throttling-around-60-percent-opening.pdf

## MASONEILAN (1999) Smart Valves Flow Conditioning

​The commercial world looks toward continuous improvement in productivity and product quality. Efforts toward achieving these improvements are often initiated by upper management and span an entire enterprise. In the process industries, engineers are searching for more efficient ways not

## MASONEILAN (1998) Suplement to Control Valve Handbook

​he Masoneilan Control Valve Sizing Handbook presents equations for sizing control valves based on recognized standards.​ MASONEILAN-1998-Suplement-to-Control-Valve-Handbook

## MASONEILAN (1998) Control Valve Sizing Handbook

This article is an informal guide with illustrations aimed at helping beginners to understand Dresser Masoneilan Control Valve sizing principles.   Masoneilan Control Valve Sizing This control valve handbook on control valve sizing is based on the use of nomenclature

## FISHER (2001) Control valve handbook

​Control valves are an increasingly vital component of modern manufacturing around the world. Well–selected and maintained control valves increase efficiency, safety, profitability, and ecology. The Control Valve Handbook has been a primary reference for more than 30 years. This third

## KLM Technology Group (2012) CONTROL VALVE SELECTION AND SIZING

These design guideline are believed to be as accurate as possible, but are very general and not for specific design cases. They were designed for engineers to do preliminary designs and process specification sheets. The final design must always be

## MASONEILAN (1970) Sizing Rule

MASONEILAN-1970-Sizing-Rule.pdf

## KBR (2002) Ease Control Valve Selection

​Control valves play a major role in the everyday effort to increase process plant profitability and conserve energy. Proper selection of these valves can have a significant financial impact on the overall cost of a project and how well the

## FLOWSERVE (2005) Instrument Engineer’s Handbook for DURCO Quarter-turn Control Valves

​This manual on control valve sizing brings together the mathematical tools required to select Durco valves properly for control valve applications. The equations presented for liquids, gases, and steam are based on the ISA standard S75.01 and are divided into

## STAHL (2014) Explosion Protection Basics

STAHL-2014-Basics-Explosion-Protection.pdf

## STAHL (2007) Explosion protection for process analysis

Gas analysers are used for the continous on line measurement of the composition of process flows in chemical production systems. These measurements provide support to key process functions of controlling and monitoring the temperature, humidity, and chemical composition of gases

## EMERSON (2014) The Engineer’s Guide to Industrial Wireless Measurement

While wireless technology has been around for over 100 years, the Process Industry has been incorporating wireless measurements into their operations for about 5 years. In a short period of time, wireless technology (specifically, IEC 62591 (WirelessHART) has been

## PR Electronics (2015) SIL for starters

PR-Electronics-2015-SIL-for-starters.pdf.pdf

## MSA (2007) Gas Detection Handbook

The MSA Gas Detection Handbook is designed to introduce users to key terms and concepts in gas detection and to serve as a quick reference manual for information such as specific gas properties, exposure limits and other data. The Handbook

## Magnetrol (2009) UNDERSTANDING SAFETY INTEGRITY LEVEL – SIL Definition

What is SIL? Industrial safety in pre-digital eras centered mainly around safe work practices, hazardous materials control, and the protective “armoring” of personnel and equipment. Today, safety penetrates far deeper into more complex manufacturing infrastructures, extending its protective influence all

## METSO (2011) Flow Control with Control Valves

This manual is intended to give an overview of the role of control valves in the behaviour of a process control loop. This overview consists the information on fluid behaviour and valve installed performance as well as the theory and

## ABB (2012) Review of industrial processing flowmeters

One of the most critical measurements in the processing industries is rate of flow. In 2010, the ARC Advisory Group estimated the total instrumentation market (not including process analytical devices) to be \$13.4 billon. The chemical industry accounted for \$2.5

## ABB (2009) Flowmeter Handbook

​ ABB-2009-Flowmeter-Handbook.pdf

## METTLER TOLEDO (2012) Best Practice Guide to Process Analytics in the Chemical Industry

​This booklet contains a collection of success stories from a few of our many chemical and petrochemical customers. It highlights different analytical measurement challenges they faced, and how METTLER TOLEDO solutions provided the answer.​ METTLER-TOLEDO-2012-Best-Practice-Guide-to-Process-Analytics-in-the-Chemical-Industry.pdf

## TLV (2016) Engineering Calculator

Over 50 Calculations for Steam, Water, Air and Gas Systems http://www.tlv.com/global/TI/calculator/#

## Spirax Sarco (2014) Flowmeter Selection Guide

Spirax-Sarco-2014-Flowmeter-Selection-Guide.pdf

## Micro Motion (1992) Mass Flow and Density Sensor Selection Guide Metric Units Version

Micro-Motion-1992-Mass-Flow-and-Density-Sensor-Selection-Guide.PDF

## ABB (2011) Industrial Temperature Measurements Basics and Practice

Automation is a growing, worldwide fundamental technology. The driving force for its growth are the variety of distinct economical and environmental requirements of the basic food and energy supply for an efficient, low emission utilization of natural resources and energy

## Parker Instrumentation (2004) Tube Selection Guide

Parker’s instrument tube fittings have been designed to work in a wide variety of applications that demand the utmost in product performance. Although Parker’s Instrument tube fittings have been engineered and manufactured to consistently provide this level of reliability, no

## ABB (2013) Pressure Measurement Corrosion and material selection

Wetted parts material ABB-2013-Pressure-Measurement-Corrosion-and-material-selection.pdf

## EMERSON (2013) Magnetic Flowmeter Material Selection Guide

The purpose of this guide is to provide a general resource for the selection of materials for the magnetic flowmeter. One of the advantages of the electromagnetic flowmeter is that it is suitable for a wide variety of applications including

## International Association of Oil and Gas Producers – Instrument and Automation Standards List

The international Association of Oil & Gas Producers (OGP) arranged a workshop on 2006, with the objective to facilitate global networking of the instrument and automation specialists. This report is the summary of a fact finding mission following from the

## Industry Standards Typically Used in Valve Manufacturing

Here you will a document from Newmans Website (www.NewmansValve.com) covering the standars related with Valve Manufacturing. Very Useful! industryStandards