WIKA (2008) Handbook Pressure and Temperature Measurement
[image: Imágenes integradas 1] Industrial development now faces challenges and opportunities of unprecedented magnitude and diversity. Economical manufacturing processes for existing or new products, new technology trends, the internationalization of markets and conditions of competition, new research developments and questions of safety for man and his environment call for innovative and visionary solutions. In many cases the optimum utilization of energy and raw materials, the reproducibility of product quality and the operational reliability of plants and equipment depend essentially on being able to control fundamental operations and parameters. Parameters of central importance in this respect are pressure and temperature. Their simple and exact measurement and control are becoming more and more important for many fields of technology and daily life. Indeed, they are already indispensable in heating, air conditioning, energy and vacuum systems, in chemical processing, petrochemicals, paper manufacturing, the food industry and biotechnology, and in automotive, mechanical, apparatus and plant engineering. The same appplies to measurement and testing laboratories and to the equipment needed to conduct experiments for research in the natural sciences and technology. The success of measurement and control in the above mentioned fields depends greatly on the availability of useful measurement methods and test facilities. The WIKA Handbook sets out to present all the measurement methods and equipment now in use in the technical field. In addition to reviewing the classical mechanical and electrical methods of measuring pressure and temperature, the book also takes a detailed look at modern electronic sensor principles. The measurement ranges of the instruments described extend from fractions of a millibar to 105 x atmospheric pressure, with greatly varying demands on precision. As for temperature measurements, the book describes methods for measuring the entire range from just above absolute zero to several thousand degrees Fahrenheit. In addition to describing the actual measurement methods and equipment the reader will also find detailed information about the physical fundamentals of pressure and temperature metrology, measurement transducers, influencing variables and the demands placed on pressure and temperature instruments by process engineering. National and international standards and regulations are also covered extensively. In its comprehensive treatment of all pressure and temperature measurement aspects this handbook is without equal. Details are presented in sufficient depth to grasp even complex subjects. Attention is drawn to specialized literature and relevant handbooks on physics and metrology where additional reading is required to answer further questions. The WIKA Handbook will not only prove extremely useful for WIKA customers but will certainly also find its way into many measurement and testing laboratories.