## EMERSON (2013) The Engineer’s Guide to Level Measurement

This Level Handbook is written as a user guide for level projects in various industries. Level is a wide subject and it is impossible to cover everything in one single book, but we have aimed to include information we know

## SARTORIOUS (2016) Manual of Weighing Applications – Counting

In many everyday areas of operation, the scale or the weight is only a means to an end: the quantity that is actually of interest is first calculated from the weight or the mass. Therefore, this weighing applications handbook covers

## Galco TV (2015) What Is A Safety Relay?

“What Is A Safety Relay?” presented by Katie Nyberg for GalcoTV. Safety relays offer an extra level of protection usually through a redundant wiring system. These relays are used to enable and monitor the signals between other safety devices such

## Endress Hauser (2015) The Vortex Flow Measuring Principle

Good video about Vortex Flow Measurement from E+H. Watch it!

## Moore Industries (2011) Mass Flow Temperature Compensation

We pressure and temperature compensate the volumetric flow readings in our pipeline applications. The temperature accuracy is critical, especially for gasses such as ethylene that see larger changes in mass as temperature changes. Moore-Industries-2011-Mass-Flow-Temperature-Compensation.pdf

## Moore Industries (2011) High Accuracy Clean Room Monitoring

Inaccuracies and excessive drift with our existing temperature transmitters are causing fluctuations in our clean room temperature. The off-spec product and frequent recalibrations are costing big dollars. There must be a better alternative. Moore-Industries-2011-High-Accuracy-Clean-Room-Monitoring.pdf

## ABB (2012) The ABB Guide to Fast pH Measurement

In basic terms, pH is a measurement of the relative amount of hydrogen and hydroxyl ions in an aqueous solution using measuring and reference electrodes with an analysis and display unit for calculating and displaying pH readings. These systems may

## FLOWSERVE (2011) Instrument Engineer’s Handbook for DURCO Quarter-turn Control Valves

This manual on control valve sizing brings together the mathematical tools required to select Durco valves properly for control valve applications. The equations presented for liquids, gases, and steam are based on the ISA standard S75.01 and are divided into

## NELES (2005) ESD Valve Selection Guide

ESD/ESV valves are the final defence against process misreactions. These valves have a function which requires much more reliable performance than standard remotely operated on-off valves. Still today ESD valves are ranked often as ordinary shut-off valves in specifications. Valves

## Spirax Sarco (2014) Flowmeter Selection Guide

Basic Flowmeter Selection Guide from SPIRAX SARCO, including Turndown, Water and Condensate, Viscous liquids, Acids and chemicals, Hydro carbons, Gas, Steam and Sizes. Spirax-Sarco-2014-Flowmeter-Selection-Guide.pdf

## EXIDA (2017) Seven Steps to an Effective Alarm Management Program

Are your operators overloaded with alarms or do they ignore nuisance alarms? Do you want to improve your alarm management practices, but don’t know where to start? This presentation discusses how to create an effective and sustainable program using the

## ENDRESS & HAUSER (2013) Caudal Principios de Medida

Caudal Principios de Medida El caudal es utilizado a nivel industrial para dos propósitos fundamentales : Control de procesos Contabilidad Los líquidos son esencialmente incompresibles. Los gases y vapores pueden cambiar su volumen bajo la influencia de la presión, lo

## Parker Instrumentation (2015) Fluid Compatibility Table

Good Chemical Compatibility Table from Parker Instrumentation. Needed to avoid any corrosion problem regarding our instrumentation. Read it! Parker-Instrumentation-2015-Fluid-Compatibility-Table.pdf

## MURATA PS (2009) 4-20mA Current Loop Primer

This application note’s primary goal is to provide an easy-tounderstand primer for users who are not familiar with 4-20mA current-loops and their applications. Some of the many topics discussed include: why, and where, 4-20mA current loops are used; the functions

## Dataforth Corporation (2014) Application Note 4-20mA Transmitters

​Over the years the 4-20 mA transmitter has become an accepted standard technique for transmitting information between field I/O and the control area. New network type transmission schemes are trying to become “the” standard. Meanwhile there are thousands of I/O

## Difference between Actual, Standard and Normal Flows

1. Overview Gas density changes with pressure and temperature, so the use of standardized volumes when referring to quantities of gas is mandatory. Standardized volumes are commonly used in different types of industries which uses gas as raw material. The

## Spirax sarco (2000) Orifice plate flowmeters

In many of today’s industrial processes, it is essential to measure accurately the rate of fluid flow within a system as a whole or in part. This applies equally to gases and liquids (e.g. carbon dioxide, nitrogen, liquors etc.) which are an integral part

## METTLER TOLEDO (2018) Smart Alarms for Better Power Plant Monitoring

This video provides an overview of the role that analytical equipment can play in a power plant’s Smart Alarm system. It discusses Smart Alarms as a method to support technical teams in validating alarms, and managing labor resources to respond

## E+H (2007) Level measurement

What is Endress+Hauser’s complete product offering? Our competence in products, solutions and services is always appreciated. We have developed from a supplier of instrumentation to a provider of complete systems with the goal of serving our customers throughout the

## FLUKE (2012) Troubleshooting 4 to 20 mA process control systems without breaking the loop

Anyone who works in any kind of manufacturing plant knows that nothing can ruin a day faster than unscheduled downtime. The lost production time means lower output, which can have a sizable price tag. In a process plant that lost

## VEGA (2017) How radiation makes a measurement

VEGA has been on the forefront of using radiation to make process measurements since the 1950s. Still, we recognize that not everyone understands radiation and some people are downright afraid of it. As industry leaders, it’s our responsibility to explain

## Rosemount Analytical (2011) Basics Of pH Control

​By definition, pH is the negative logarithm of the hydrogen-ion concentration in aqueous solution. This means that a solution having a pH value of 4 has ten times more hydrogen ions than a solution whose pH is 5. For control

## METTLER TOLEDO (2017) How pH probes work

This short animated video briefly explains what pH is and how a pH sensor works. pH is a numerical representation of the hydrogen ion concentration of a liquid. The pH scale runs from 1 to 14, where 7 is neutral,

## IZI Technology (2016) Industrial Protocols

Great job about Industrial Protocols !!! done by IZI Technology. IZI-Technology-2016-Industrial-Protocols.pdf

## ADDITEL (2016) Why Temperature Compensation Really Matters for Pressure Measurement

Have you ever wondered how much impact environmental temperature has on your pressure sensors? Nearly every pressure sensor has some sort of environmental temperature specification on its data sheet. This technical note explains the environmental temperature effects on pressure sensors,

## Parker Instrumentation (2006) Instrument Tube Fitting Installation Manual

Standard fluid line systems, whether for simple household use or for the more exacting requirements of industry, were for many years constructed from threaded pipe of assorted materials and were assembled with various standard pipe fitting shapes, unions and nipples.

## TLV (2016) Engineering Calculator

Over 50 Calculations for Steam, Water, Air and Gas Systems If you are looking for a free orifice plate calculator click here! http://www.tlv.com/global/TI/calculator/#

## ENDRESS HAUSER (2007) Medición del pH en procesos industriales

Determinar el pH es esencial en todas las industrias. La monitorización de la calidad del producto o de reacciones químicas se realiza frecuentemente mediante mediciones del pH. El valor del pH está relacionado con la concentración de iones de hidrógeno

## Magnetrol (2009) UNDERSTANDING SAFETY INTEGRITY LEVEL – SIL Definition

What is SIL? Industrial safety in pre-digital eras centered mainly around safe work practices, hazardous materials control, and the protective “armoring” of personnel and equipment. Today, safety penetrates far deeper into more complex manufacturing infrastructures, extending its protective influence all

## Fisher Controls (1999) Vee-Ball Control Valves-Designs V150 V200

Fisher-Controls-1999-Vee-Ball-Control-Valves-Designs-V150-V200.pdf

## Orifice Plate Installation Guidelines

1.Introduction – Installing an Orifice Meter At the end of this post you will find the EMERSON document who explains the basic orifice plate installation guidelines, including: orifice plate tap orientation orifice plate tapping locations orifice tapping etc… This post

## ABB (2016) Thermal Mass Flowmeter Sensyflow FMT Fundamentals & Measuring Principle

Good introduction on Thermal Mass Flowmeters from ABB. Read it! ABB-2016-Thermal-Mass-Flowmeter-Sensyflow-FMT-Fundamentals-Measuring-Principle.pdf

## ABB (2011) Industrial Temperature Measurements Basics and Practice

Automation is a growing, worldwide fundamental technology. The driving force for its growth are the variety of distinct economical and environmental requirements of the basic food and energy supply for an efficient, low emission utilization of natural resources and energy

## ABB (2013) System 800xA Product Catalog

ABB’s award winning System 800xA provides you with a better way to achieve measurable productivity and profitability improvements. System 800xA extends the scope of traditional DCS systems to include all automation functions in a single operations and engineering environment; enabling

## HACH (2014) pH Electrode Cleaning and Maintenance Guide

HACH maintenance guide for pH measurements. Read it! HACH-2014-pH-Electrode-Cleaning-and-Maintenance-Guide.pdf

## Normal/Standard Flow TO Kg/h and Kg/s CONVERTER

Basic Instructions First select the type of flow, Normal Conditions or Standard Conditions. Then, introduce the Mass Flow expressed in Normal or  Standard Conditions. Select the Molecular Weight, it can be predefined or user defined. After this final step you

## WIKA (2013) Application of thermocouples

In industrial electrical temperature measurement, two groups of sensors are commonly used: Resistance temperature detectors (RTD) Thermocouples (TC) Both sensor types have their advantages and disadvantages. The commonly used Pt100 RTDs are especially suited for measurements in the lower to

## MSA (2007) Gas Detection Handbook

The MSA Gas Detection Handbook is designed to introduce users to key terms and concepts in gas detection and to serve as a quick reference manual for information such as specific gas properties, exposure limits and other data. The Handbook

## Contemporary Controls (2008) Introduction to Modbus Protocol

This is the first of a two-part series on Modbus. The first issue addresses the protocol itself. The second discusses the Modbus Serial and Modbus TCP implementations allowing Modbus to remain a very popular protocol. Contemporary Controls (2008) Introduction to

## WARCO BILTRITE (2015) General Chemical Resistance of Various Elastomers

This chart is offered as a general guide, including the suitability of various elastomers for service in these chemicals and fluids.The ratings are based for the most part, on published literature of various polymer suppliers, rubber manufacturers, and in some

## Unitronics (2011) Modbus

This webinar will cover the basics of utilizing Modbus RTU with Unitronics Controllers

## EMERSON (2011) Thermowell Calculation Report

Thermowell Calculation Report Sample EMERSON-2011-Thermowell-Calculation-Report.pdf

## MASONEILAN (1963) 12000 SERIES LIQUID LEVEL CONTROLLERS LTR

Masoneilan Level Controllers The Masoneilan 12000 Series liquid pneumatic level controllers are based on variable displacement measurement and employ the deflection balance control principle. They reflect many years of Masoneilan’s experience in solving liquid level control problems. They provide accurate

## Fluid Components International LLC (2016) Best Practices Engineering Guide Installation Recommendations for FCI Single-Point Thermal Dispersion Flow Meters

All flow meter technologies have recommended installation and engineering practices to ensure they meet their published specifications and for optimal performance, accuracy and repeatability. Flow meter users are frequently challenged with wide variations in their actual field conditions and installation

## EMERSON (2015) Flow – DP Flow Introduction

This handbook is intended to help engineers and process technicians bring all the elements of DP Flow together in a comprehensive reference. The book will present enough theory and technical background to provide a solid context for engineering, procurement, and

## EMERSON (2014) How Differential Pressure Flow Works

In this video you will learn about different primary element types and how they work, the conventional to modern transition of installation practices, and the functionalities within a differential pressure transmitter.

## YOKOGAWA (2014) pH and ORP Learning Handbook

Measuring pH/ORP is very common, but taking true measurements and correct interpretation of the results is not self-evident. Certain effects can potentially cause problems if not taken into consideration. The purpose of this book is to provide a comprehensive understanding

## Parker Instrumentation (2015) Flow Calculations and sizing

Parker-Instrumentation-2015-Flow-Calculations-and-sizing.pdf

## ABB (2011) Industrial Flow Measurement Basics and Practice

In the recent decades, the market for the products of the industrial process industries has changed greatly. The manufacture of mass products has shifted to locations where raw materials are available economically. Competitive pressures have forced a swing to specialization

## Controlair (2010) Bubble-Tube Level System

The L100 Bubble-Tube Level System is comprised of fully self-contained instruments requiring only connections to air or gas supply, dip tube and electrical power source to provide precise level indication. Because only the stationary dip tube and the purged gas

## ABB (2009) Flowmeter Handbook

​ ABB-2009-Flowmeter-Handbook.pdf

## METSO (2011) Flow Control with Control Valves

This manual is intended to give an overview of the role of control valves in the behaviour of a process control loop. This overview consists the information on fluid behaviour and valve installed performance as well as the theory and

## International Association of Oil and Gas Producers – Instrument and Automation Standards List

The international Association of Oil & Gas Producers (OGP) arranged a workshop on 2006, with the objective to facilitate global networking of the instrument and automation specialists. This report is the summary of a fact finding mission following from the

## Rosemount 1151 and 1144 Spanish Brochure

This is an original brochure from Rosemount Spain about this legenedary pressure instruments. Rosemount – Transmisores de presión y presión diferencial 1151

## ABB (2012) Review of industrial processing flowmeters

One of the most critical measurements in the processing industries is rate of flow. In 2010, the ARC Advisory Group estimated the total instrumentation market (not including process analytical devices) to be \$13.4 billon. The chemical industry accounted for \$2.5

## MASONEILAN (1980) Masoneilan 20000 Series Control Valves

Masoneilan Control Valves The Masoneilan 20000 Series sigle-ported, globe type valves are designed to cover a wide range of applications. Their versatility makes them well suited for large capacity requirements, for the higher process pressures often encountered, and equally capable

## Parker Instrumentation (2004) Tube Selection Guide

Parker’s instrument tube fittings have been designed to work in a wide variety of applications that demand the utmost in product performance. Although Parker’s Instrument tube fittings have been engineered and manufactured to consistently provide this level of reliability, no

## METTLER TOLEDO (2012) Best Practice Guide to Process Analytics in the Chemical Industry

​This booklet contains a collection of success stories from a few of our many chemical and petrochemical customers. It highlights different analytical measurement challenges they faced, and how METTLER TOLEDO solutions provided the answer.​ METTLER-TOLEDO-2012-Best-Practice-Guide-to-Process-Analytics-in-the-Chemical-Industry.pdf

## FOXBORO (2010) Vortex Shedding Tutorial

The vortex shedding flowmeter first emerged 25 to 30 years ago and has steadily grown in acceptance since then to be a major flow measurement technique. Its appeal is due, in part, to the fact that it has no moving

## E+H (2011) Level measurement – level detection and continuous level

What is Endress+Hauser’s complete product offering? Many of our customers ask this question. After all, our competence in products, solutions and services is not always appreciated. We have developed from a supplier of instrumentation, to a provider of complete systems

## METTLER TOLEDO (2016) Oxygen Measurement? It’s Time for a TDL!

Check out how easy it is to measure oxygen with a TDL sensor

## BEAMEX (2012) Ultimate Calibration Handbook

Calibrators, calibration software and other related equipment have developed significantly during the past few decades in spite of the fact that calibration of measurement devices as such has existed for several thousands of years. Presently, the primary challenges of industrial

## EMERSON (2014) Temperature Insights RTD vs. Thermocouple Brief Video

The RTD vs. Thermocouple video is just one of six short educational videos entitled Temperature Insights from Emerson Process Management. The series provides insight into effectively and efficiently measuring temperature in a manufacturing process.

## Kg/h TO Normal/Standard Conditions Flow CONVERTER

Basic Instructions Introduce the Mass Flow in the first cell. Select the Molecular Weight, it can be predefined or user defined. For predefined (Select MW) you can choose from a list of different gases. After this final step you will

## Dilbert – The Knack “The Curse of the Engineer”

“The knack”. It was a mother who took her son, Dilbert (Scott Adams), to the doctor because “he is not like other children”. The doctor tells you that your child has “the knack”. The worst of this disease is when

## Controlair (2010) Bubble-Tube Level System

The L100 Bubble-Tube Level System is comprised of fully self-contained instruments requiring only connections to air or gas supply, dip tube and electrical power source to provide precise level indication. Because only the stationary dip tube and the purged gas come

## EMERSON (2014) Temperature Insights – Accuracy & Reliability Brief Video

Accuracy & Reliability: Learn how to gain accuracy and reliability in temperature measurement The Accuracy & Reliability video is just one of six short educational videos entitled Temperature Insights from Emerson Process Management. The series provides insight into effectively and

## TRICONEX (2009) Planning and Installation Guide

The Tricon controller is a state-of-the-art programmable logic and process controller that provides a high level of system fault tolerance. To ensure the highest possible system integrity at all times, the Tricon controller includes these features: • Provides Triple Modular

## Moore Industries (2011) Interfacing Temperature Sensors to a DCS

We’re upgrading our pulp mill. What’s the best way for me to interface existing thermocouple (T/C) signals with our DCS? Moore-Industries-2011-Interfacing-Temperature-Sensors-to-a-DCS.pdf

## EMERSON (2011) Emerson Wireless Security

Wireless security is critical to the successful deployment of both field instrument networks and plant application solutions. This paper demostrates Emerson’s capabilities to deploy secure, reliable and robust wireless solutions for both field instrumentation and plant applications. EMERSON-2011-Emerson-Wireless-Security.pdf

## EMERSON (2014) Temperature Insights – Installation Best Practices Brief Video

Installation Best Practices: Learn about sensor installation The Installation Best Practices video is one of six short educational videos entitled Temperature Insights from Emerson Process Management. The series provides insight into effectively and efficiently measuring temperature in a manufacturing process.

## BAILEY (1988) Advanced Control for Ethylene Cracking Furnaces

Bailey Application Guide on Process Control. BAILEY (1988) Advanced Control for Ethylene Cracking Furnaces

## Endress Hauser (2015) The Coriolis Flow Measuring Principle

Born in 1792, the French mathematician and physicist Gustave Gaspard de Coriolis was the first to describe the force that history has named after him. This force is particularly noticeable in rotating systems. The experiments and simulations shown in this

## FOXBORO (1969) Gas Flow Computing

Very old manual from FOXBORO about gas flow computing using pneumatic computers! Basics about Flow compensation on Pressure and Temperature. Read it! FOXBORO-1969-Gas-Flow-Computing.pdf

## EMERSON (2014) Thermowell Selection Brief Video

The Thermowell Selection video is just one of six short educational videos entitled Temperature Insights from Emerson Process Management. The series provides insight into effectively and efficiently measuring temperature in a manufacturing process.

## P&ID diagram basics

1.Overview If you are interested to know more about subjects like Standards and Guidelines. read our free introduction to these concepts in our article P&ID Diagram Basics – Part 2 – International Standards If you are interested

## EMERSON (2015) Flow – Fluids Basics and Concepts

This chapter presents an overview of the physical properties of fluids, a review of basic concepts, and covers the fundamentals required to understand the theory of measuring flow, which is presented in Chapter 3. A fluid is a substance that

## ACROMAG (2002) Introduction to Profibus DP

The following information describes the operation of ProfiBus DP as it relates to Acromag Series 900PB DP slave I/O modules. For more detailed information on ProfiBus, you may refer to the ProfiBus Trade Organization at the PTO website www.profibus.com. Acromag

## EMERSON (2013) Magnetic Flowmeter Material Selection Guide

The purpose of this guide is to provide a general resource for the selection of materials for the magnetic flowmeter. One of the advantages of the electromagnetic flowmeter is that it is suitable for a wide variety of applications including

## Precision Digital Corp (2015) The Fundamentals of Hazardous Area Classifications

Easy and Free Introduction Video to the Fundamentals of Hazardous Area Classifications. Watch it!

## Masoneilan (2009) Series 35002 Camflex 2

Masoneilan Camflex II   The Masoneilan Camflex 2 control valve is based on an elegant design – one which is uncomplicated yet attentive to all the right details. Designed as an integrated system of valve, actuator and positioner, the Camflex

## ARJAY AUTOMATION (2016) The Principle Behind the Coriolis Mass Flow Meter

Have you ever witnessed this phenomenon? When a hose filled with water swings but it does not twist. But when a water flow is turned on, the water is forced through the swinging hose. The hose twists as a result

## Introduction to Valves and Actuators

Easy to understand VIDEO focused on Introduction to Valves and Actuators. Watch it!

## ABB (2004) The Essential Guide to Flowmeter Installation

ABB-2004-The-Essential-Guide-to-Flowmeter-Installation.pdf

## Rosemount (1999) RS3 Alarm Messages

The Alarm Messages manual describes RS3 Alarm and Event message format and content. It is sectionally divided as indicated below and includes lists of alarm messages sorted both alphabetically and numerically. ​ Rosemount-1999-RS3-Alarm-Messages.pdf

## Burkert (2015) Chemical Resistance Guide

When dealing with aggressive fluids the user is continuously faced with the problem of finding compatible materials. In order to simplify the selection of suitable materials when using Burkert products for aggressive fluids, the following tables provide useful information on

## MAGNETROL (2012) Thermal Mass Flow Handbook

Accurate mass flow measurement of gas is difficult to obtain. The main reason is that gas is a compressible fluid. This means that the volume of a fixed mass of gas depends upon the pressure and temperature it is subject