Our best pressure articles

In this section we will find articles related to pressure measurement in the process industry. Some describe techniques and others allow you to discover more advanced concepts. All the articles have been written with the idea of introducing and explaining concepts related to instrumentation in the process industry. Each article has a version prepared in pdf format for download and diffusion. If you have any questions or require further clarification, do not hesitate to contact us.

What is the Difference Between Absolute, Gauge and Differential Pressure?

Any good instrumentation technician needs to know the difference between the basic types of pressure measurement.

Pressure Measurement

Discover the basics of Industrial Pressure Measurement. A ready-to-download article on pressure types and how to measure them. Get it for free!

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Frequently Asked Questions

Q1 - What is an industrial pressure transmitter?

An industrial pressure transmitter is a specialized instrument used in various industrial processes to measure and transmit information about the pressure of a fluid or gas within a system. It is a critical component in industries such as manufacturing, oil and gas, chemical processing, and utilities. The primary function of a pressure transmitter is to convert the mechanical force applied by the fluid's pressure into an electrical signal, which can be transmitted and used for monitoring, control, and data collection purposes. These devices are crucial for maintaining the efficiency, safety, and reliability of industrial processes.

Q2 - How pressure transmitters work?

Pressure transmitters work on the principle of piezoelectric or piezoresistive sensors. A pressure sensor located within the transmitter senses the pressure applied to it. When pressure is exerted, the sensor's physical properties change, causing either a change in resistance (in the case of piezoresistive sensors) or a voltage output (in the case of piezoelectric sensors). This change is then converted into an electrical signal, usually in the form of a 4-20 mA current signal or a digital output. This signal is proportional to the applied pressure and can be transmitted to a control system or display device for monitoring and control.

Q3 - What is the difference between pressure indicator and pressure transmitter?

The primary difference between a pressure indicator and a pressure transmitter is their function and output. A pressure indicator is a simple device that displays the pressure at a local point, typically using a dial and a pointer. It provides a visual representation of pressure but doesn't transmit data to a control system. In contrast, a pressure transmitter not only measures pressure but also converts it into an electrical signal, which is transmitted to a control system for monitoring, control, or data collection. Pressure transmitters offer more advanced functionality and integration into industrial automation systems.

Q4 - What is the Difference Between Absolute, Gauge and Differential Pressure?

The difference between absolute, gauge, and differential pressure lies in their reference points:
  • Absolute Pressure: Absolute pressure is measured relative to a perfect vacuum (zero pressure). It includes atmospheric pressure, so it is always positive. Absolute pressure is used in applications where the pressure inside a vessel or system is referenced to a complete vacuum.
  • Gauge Pressure: Gauge pressure is measured relative to atmospheric pressure, which is typically 14.7 psi (1 bar) at sea level. Gauge pressure can be either positive or negative, indicating pressure above or below atmospheric pressure. It is commonly used in pressure measurements for everyday applications and equipment like tires, boilers, and pipelines.
  • Differential Pressure: Differential pressure is the difference in pressure between two points in a system. It is not referenced to vacuum or atmospheric pressure. Differential pressure transmitters are frequently used to measure pressure drops across filters, flow restrictions, or other elements in a system. This type of measurement is essential in applications like flow control and filter monitoring.

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